Liposuction is a surgical procedure that uses a suction technique to remove fat from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, buttocks, arms or neck. It is also commonly known as Lipo. Liposuction can sometimes be used for breast reduction or treatment of gynecomastia.
Are you a candidate?
You may be a candidate for liposuction if you have too much body fat in specific spots but otherwise have a stable body weight.
Does it work ?
Liposuction reduces the number of fat cells in a specific area. The amount of fat removed depends on the appearance of the area and the volume of fat. The resulting contour changes are generally permanent — as long as your weight remains stable.
After liposuction, the skin molds itself to the new contours of the treated areas. If you have good skin tone and elasticity, the skin is likely to appear smooth. If your skin is thin with poor elasticity, however, the skin in the treated areas may appear loose. It doesn’t improve cellulite dimpling or other skin surface irregularities. Likewise, liposuction doesn’t remove stretch marks.
What may be the risks ?
- Contour irregularities.
Skin may appear bumpy, wavy or withered due to uneven fat removal, poor skin elasticity and unusual healing. Damage beneath the skin may give the skin a permanent spotted appearance.
- Fluid accumulation.
Temporary pockets of fluid (seromas) can form under the skin which may require drainage sometimes.
Temporary nerve irritation , temporary or permanent numbness in the affected area may be possible
It is rare but possible.
- Internal puncture.
Internal injury very rarely possible which will require emergency surgery.
- Fat embolism.
Rarely again pieces of loosened fat may break away and become trapped in a blood vessel and gather in the lungs or travel to the brain. A fat embolism is a medical emergency.
- Lidocaine toxicity/allergy .
Lidocaine is an anesthetic often administered with fluids injected during liposuction to help manage pain. It may cause toxicity can occur, causing serious heart and central nervous system problems.
What is the result?
After liposuction, swelling typically subsides within a few weeks. After that expect the treated area to have a leaner appearance. Liposuction results are generally long lasting as long as you maintain your weight.